Baphuon was originally a state-temple mountain dedicated to Shiva when it was built in the 11th century (around 1060). During the 16th century an immense statue of reclining Buddha was erected on his western face when the temple was converted to Buddhism. This enormous monument had been almost entirely dismantled. The works of restoration started in 1995 and ended in 2011. Baphuon is famous for its narrative bas-reliefs with scenes from the Ramayana and the Mahabharata as well as from life of Krishna.

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