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Angkorian Chronology


  • Reign King Capital Event Monuments World in Angkor times
    Jayavarman II Hariharalaya
    (Roluos)
    Domrei Krab
    Domrei Krap (Early 9th century)

  • Reign King Capital Event Monuments World in Angkor times
    802-c. 835 Jayavarman II Hariharalaya (Roluos) – Jayavarman II cliamed as Chakravartin (King of King) through a sacred Hindu ritual on Phnom Kulen
    – Maybe Initiation of Devaraja cult in cambodia.
    Bakong, 1st stage

    •   Preah Ko (880)
    •   Bakong 2nd stage (881)
    •   Baray Indratataka (Baray of Lolei)
    Borobudur, central Java (Indonesia), 9th century

    •   800: Charlemagne crowned Holy Roman Emperor
    •   841: Dublin founded
    •   874: Iceland settled
    c. 835-877 Jayavarman III Hariharalaya
    Bakong (late 9th century)
    877-c. 889 Indravarman I Hariharalaya

  • Reign King Capital Event Monuments World in Angkor times
    889- c.910 Yaçovarman I Yasodharapura, 1st capital in the core of Angkor, centred around Phnom Bakheng. 1st monuments in the core of Angkor

    •   Phnom Bakheng (907)
    •   Lolei (893)
    •   Eastern Baray
    •   Phnom Krom
    •   Phnom Bok
    •   Baksei Chamkrong
    •   Prasat Kravan (921)
    Phnom Bakheng
    Phnom Bakheng (Early 10th century)
    c. 910-923 Harshavarman I Yasodharapura
    •   911: The Vikings established the Duchy of Normandy
    •   929: Abd-ar-Rahman III assumes Caliphate of Cordoba, Spain
    •   938: Ngo Quyen frees Vietnam from Chinese
    923-928 Içânavarman II Yasodharapura
    928- c.941 Jayavarman IV Koh Ker Baksei Chamkrong
    c. 941-944 Harshavarman II Koh Ker
    944-968 Râjendravarman Angkor Campaign against Champa.
    •   Pre Rup (961)
    •   Mebon (Eastern Baray, 961)
    •   Bat Chum
    •   Srah Srang
    •   Banteay Srei (967)
    Banteay Srei (2nd half of 10th century)

  • Reign King Capital Event Monuments World in Angkor times
    968-c. 1000 Jayavarman V Jayendranagari in the core of Angkor Ta Keo (c. 1000)
    Brihadesvara temple, Tanjavûr, Tamil Nadu state (India) Shivaite temple built from 1003 to 1010

    •   Legendary foundation of Inca Empire
    •   c. 1050: Kukulkan in Chichén Itzá, (Mexico)
    •   1066: Battle of Hastings, Normans conquer England
    1001-1002 Udayâdityavarman I Angkor
    Preah Vihear (Late 9th to mid-12th centuries)
    1002-1010 Jayavîravarman Angkor Nothern Khleang
    1002-c. 1050 Sûryavarman I Angkor
    •   Alliance with Chola and conict with Tambralinga Kingdom.
    •   Mahayana Buddhism.
    •   Royal Palace
    •   Phimeneanakas
    •   Western Baray
    •   Southern Khleang
    •   Baphoun 1st stage
    •   Preah Vihear
    •   Preah Khan Kompong Svay
    1050-1066 Udayâdityavarman II Udayâdityavarman II
    •   Baphuon
    •   Mebon (Western Baray)

  • Reign King Capital Event Monuments World in Angkor times
    1066-1080 Harshavarman III Yasodharapura II
    •   Capital centred around Baphuon.
    •   1074 and 1080: Champa invasion.
    1163-1250: Built of the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris

    •   1085: Christian Spain continues its fight to throw off Muslim rule regaining Toledo
    •   1088: Foundation of University of Bologna (Italy)
    •   1096-1099: First crusade in the Middle-East
    •   1119: The Christian order of Knights Templar founded
    •   1147-1149: Second Crusade launched from Europe against Muslim Empire
    •   1162: Genghis Khan born (Mongol Empire)
    1080-1107 Jayavarman VI Angkor Phimai (Thailand)
    Angkor Wat (Early 12th century with later additions)
    1107-1113 Dharanîndravarman 1st Angkor
    1113-1149 Sûryavarman II Angkor War with Champa.
    •   Angkor Wat
    •   Chau Say Tevoda
    •   Banteay Samre
    •   Beng Melea
    •   Phnom Rung (Thailand)
    1149-1177 Thibuvanâdit-yavarman Angkor
    •   Cham invasion led by Jaya Indravarman IV.
    Between1149-1177 Yaçovarman II Angkor
    Between1178-1181
    •   Angkor razed.
    •   1178-1181 Cham occupation led by Champa King Jaya Indravarman IV.

  • Reign King Capital Event Monuments World in Angkor times
    1181-c. 1220 Jayavarman VII Yasodharapura (Angkor Thom)
    •   War against Champa.
    •   Angkor retaken by Khmer.
    •   1190-91: Conquest of Champa
    •   Construction of major infrastructures (hospitals, rest houses, reservoirs).
    •   Ta Prohm
    •   Preak Khan
    •   Neak Pean
    •   Banteay Kdei
    •   Angkor Thom (Bayon, Gates, Prasat Chrung, Elephant Terrace, Ta Prom Kel)
    •   Ta Som
    •   Ta Nei
    •   Banteay Chmar
    Bayon (Late 12th to mid-13th centuries
    1250: Konarak Temple (India)
    •   1185: Beginning of Feudal Japan
    •   1187: Saladin holds Jerusalem
    •   1189-1192: Third Crusade to reconquering the Holy Land from Saladin
    •   1206: First Sultanate of Dehli
    •   1236: Spain regained Cadiz and Cordoba
    •   1244: Berlin founded
    1215-1243 Indravarman II Angkor
    •   1220: Champa regains independence.
    •   c.1230-1238: Siamese state established at Sukhothai (Thailand).
    •   Prasat Svar Prat
    •   Exterior walls of Ta Prohm
    Preah Pithu (13th century)
    1243-1295 Jayavarman VIII Angkor
    •   1283: Mongol invasion led by Kublai Khan
    •   War with Sukhothai.
    •   Eradication of Buddhist influence.
    •   Leper King Terrace
    •   Preah Palilay
    •   Mangalartha
    •   Preah Pithu

  • Reign King Capital Event Monuments World in Angkor times
    1295-1307 Srindravarman Angkor
    •   Theravada Buddhism, state religion.
    •   1296 : visit of the Chinese Embassy related by Zhou Daguan in “The Customs of Zhenla”
    •   Prasat Top East
    •   Preah Pithu
    Preah Pithu (13th century)
    1333: Himeji Castle (Japan)

    •   14th century: First establishment at Cuzco
    •   1325: Tenochtitlan founded capital of Aztec Empire (Mexico)
    •   1333: Himeji Castle (Japan)
    •   1337: Beginning of the Hundred Years’ War between France and England
    •   1347-1352: The Black Death kills between 30 and 60% of Europe’s total population
    •   1352: Kingdom of Laos founded
    •   1372: Phnom Penh settled
    1307-1327 Srindrajayavarman Angkor
    1327 Jayavarman Paramesvara Angkor

  • Reign King Capital Event Monuments World in Angkor times
    1431 Angkor abandoned
    •   1421: Death of Khizr Khan, the founder of the Sayyid dynasty in Dehli (India)
    •   1429: Joan of Arc helps end Siege of Orleans
    •   1431: Execution of Joan of Arc (France)
    •   1453: Fall of Constantinople (today Istanbul), Conquered by Ottomans rulers
    •   1492: Granada (Spain) conquered by Christians Between 1492 and C. Colomb discovers the new world, AMERICA

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